“Revolutionize Your Success: The Ultimate Dairy Farming Business Plan”

Dairy Farming
 
Dairy farming is often termed as “ALL SEASON BUSINESS.” It is a
very profitable business, as everyone finds it compelling and profitable. You
can start this business with just two cows and then gradually you can buy more
and more animals as you start earning profit. People who are looking for
starting a dairy farm business in the recent years are almost increased.
 
Opening a Dairy farming business is a long term project that requires proper
management. Dairy products include milk, curd, cheese, cream, butter and ghee
in which milk is always in great demand no matter what the season is. The
important part of setting a dairy farm is to select high quality and high
yielding cattle’s. Buying the healthy cattle’s is the most time taken step for
a dairy farm. You can start on small scale business and expand it to big scale
once you are aware ins and outs of dairy farming.
 
Dairy
animals:
Dairy animals include:
 
  • Cows(Dairy cows produce milk from which dairy foods are made)
  • Buffalo
  • Goats
 Dairy products:
  • Milk
  • Yogurt
  • Ice cream
  • Cheese
  • Cream
  • Butter
Land:
The primary step is to have the cultivated land for growing
green fodder crops for your animals for Dairy farming business. The land area depends on the
number of animals. Usually one acres of land is quite enough to feed about 7 to
10 cows.
 
Shed:
You need to arrange the proper shed in Dairy farming business for the protection of animals.
Carefully construct the dairy shed. Especially
to protect the animals
from extreme heat and extreme cold. Shed should be ventilated and hygienic for
the better health for the animals.
 

Suitable environment for animals:

If you want to get more profit from your Dairy farming business then you
need to provide the suitable environment to the animals. Fans, water sprinklers
and properly ventilated space will be given to the animals.
 

Food:

The
feed of animals is very important. It should be fresh and clean. The quality of
milk depends on the feed you provide to animals. You must special take care of
pregnant animals and lactating animals. The lactating animals are usually fed
one kg of dry matter feed per 1.75 liters of milk produced.
 

Water:

Clean drinking water is required for both animals and for
growing the green fodder. Especially in summers water is required in great
quantity so you must have a proper water arrangement at dairy farm. Normally
adult cow consumed 50 to 80 liters of water per day. Milk production capacity
depends on the fresh water.
 
Fodder:
Fodder is the main component of dairy farm. You need to have the
basic information about cultivation of green fodder because it directly impacts
to your profit. There is three types of fodder for best milk yield;
 

Dry fodder.

(Wheat hay ,kutti(rice/paddy straw),choker
 
Green fodder.
(Gram crop,barseem,maize/corn,masoor,nipper grass)
 
Feed concentrate.
(To prevent cows from mineral deficiency it is necessary to
provide concentrate feed with mineral mixture on daily basis)
 
Fodder
production cost and inputs may slightly vary from region to region
 

Breed selection for dairy farming:

 
You
should select the good quality breed for cows which yield more milk. Successful
Dairy farming needs a good breed selection of cows. Choose the breed that is
suitable according to your climate conditions and high milking capacity. You
can also visit other farms and can observe the suitable breed types. You need
to choose such breed which produces the milk of 20/25 liters per day.
 
Labor:
Selection
of labor for Dairy farming is very major task. Labor should have experience about
dairy farming activities like growing green fodder, proper take care of animals.
You have to train them about routine activities of dairy farm.
 
Proper
vaccination:
You
have to do the proper vaccination of their animals to protect the cow’s health
from diseases. For this purpose you need to arrange the veterinary doctor for
the proper medication of animals.
 
Silage
making process:
 
Silage
is a preserved pasture/fodder made from green crops. Silage can be fed to
animals when natural fodder is not available. Making of silage is very much
important for farmers. If you want to go for Dairy farming should learn silage
making process. Silage is also a very good source for nutritional food. It
helps animals for gaining weight in short period. Especially in summers when
there is no scope for natural gazing silage would have been very helpful.
 

Milking
methods:

 
There
are two main milking methods include;
1.
Hand milking
2.
Machine milking
 

Hand milking method:

 
This
milking process is done by full hand method or by stripping. Stripping is done
by holding the teat between the thumb and fore fingers, down the length of the
teat and then pressing it to cause the milk flow down in a stream. Full hand
method is considering the best method because it causes less injury to teat.
 

Machine milking method:

 
Machine
milking is the advanced milking method used these days in Dairy farming. These machines are capable of milking
cows quickly.  It is easy to operate, costs low, saves time as it milks 1.5 liter
to 2 liters per minute.
The milking machine has two main basic functions;
 
  1. It
    massages the teats, which prevents
    congestion of blood and lymph in the teat
  2. Open the streak canal with the help of the partial vacuum, which
    allow the milk to flow out of the teat through a line to receiving container.
 
You
need to start Dairy farming business with lesser cows and buffalo at an initial
stage  and later on when your business
grow then you increased the number of cattle depending upon the demand of milk.
The investment required for a small scale Dairy farming business is
approximately $4000.If you don’t have a sufficient amount to start this
business then you can apply to take the loan from agriculture department.
 
 
 

 

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