“Resilient Beginnings: Empowering a Small-Scale Chalk Making Business”

The demand of chalk is powerful and growing. It doesn’t need extra
space in making. Chalk is used in various different sectors
like education, construction, clothing, furniture, and plenty of additional. It’s
essential for writing on boards in colleges. It’s been used since ancient
period. You’ll be puzzling over the varsity days that several people used to
play with the chalks and throwing chalk tiny items at one another.  They are spherical shapes that are
accessible in varied shapes (round, square, and hexagon) and colors (white,
red, green, pink, and yellow).In general  he overall length of chalks is 75 mm and roundness is 9mm

You can start this business with small
scale .It is very profitable business. You’ll earn high profits with low
investment. The raw materials is simply accessible

Business demand:

Almost 70 percent in educational
institutions, They are used for teaching purpose on boards. Whether it’s
Urban or rural sectors all over they are used. It is also used in the textile sector for marking garments, furnishings ply board, tiles marking, and also in
the education sector.

As the price of chalks is less, It is used in
several developing countries for education teaching. So the demands are steady
throughout the year. It’s a profitable small scale business idea which will be
simply started at your home.

Required Budget:

The business will be started simply at your
home for fewer than Rs 60,000. The investment is relying upon location and
production amount. Basic facilities like electricity, facility, and proper
location for raw materials are needed for the beginning of this business.


The best location for any business is near
to the target market. The area needed is around 300 to 500 SQ FT. It includes
the machinery and space for storing. A new generation organization would do
fine once placed in urban region where there are various colleges and schools
those utilize  a lot of the time.

Required Raw Materials:

Now if you have planned to start out this  business, then the main issue to understand is that the sorts of
materials you’ll have to be compelled to begin. Don’t be concerned you are
doing not have to be compelled to search anytime relating to the price and
different details, I actually have provided the small print below :

 Plaster Of Paris:

Commonly known as “POP,” this is the most basic
raw material needed for its production. The chemical name for POP is carbonate,
“Which is instant forms a hard paste once mixed with water. Excluding its
production, it’s conjointly used in hospitals for molding casts around broken

• Clean Water:

It’s usually used  for  the
mixture of all the ingredients, very common in all manufacturing business .


Oil is used as stuff throughout chalk
production. That typically mixed with lamp oil the mixture is used to line the
inside of the mold to avoid the chalk from sticking to the chalk mold.

• Colors:

Colors are needed as per your production
for coloured chalk

• China Clay:

It’s conjointly known as mineral that may
be a clay mineral with the chemical composition AlSiO(OH).

• Lubricant:

Oil is used as a stuff. It’s mixed with
lamp oil to stop the chalk from sticking to the chalk mildew.


Clean water is employed for admixture POP.

• Color

Varied colors are needed to form it colorful. you’ll purchase the colors consistent with the need.

Dustless powder:

• Molds:

The molds are the most important part in
creating it. It’s accessible in plastic, rubber, and metal consistent with
the assembly and budget. you’ll use a wooden edge round the mold

Paints brush for chalks:

It’s used apply lubricants within the molds


A flat metal or hand tool is employed for
scraping the surface of the chalk mildew.


It’s used for drying the its mixture when
it’s removed from the molds. It’s finished the assistance of electrical


It’s used for the protection of hands during
mixing the water with POP.

   Box :

The boxes are needed for packaging it
50 to 100 chalks are packed into one box.

Machinery required:

If you want to start a small scale
business then you not need any machinery. Just need
various molds. Large
scale machinery is needed. There are two main kinds of machines: one is manual
and other is automatic machine.

Manual machine types:

1 – Aluminum element
chalk creating machine

2- Gunmetal chalk creating machine

The manual machine produces 4000 to 64000
 items per hour. One batch produces a thousand items. There are various parts
in  machines like mold positioning switch, bearing block, frame, and spherical
steel, tray bar.

Automatic  creating machine:

In this machine all the functions like,
mixture of materials, filing, and removal of it is automatically done . Electrical
clutch is provided for water facility. The automated machine produces 120000 to
150000 items per day. It saves labor and time, therefore, lower the production
price. The price of this machine can be as high as 3 to 5 lacs and you can use
it on large scale.


Producing method:

Take a pop (plaster of Paris), carbonate and different additives like whiting
agents or coloring agents and mix the whole ingredient with water to create
uniform paste mixture. A smart quality mixture is needed to make brittle chalk
for smooth writing thus you have to take care while creating a mixture for
chalk. Use the lubrication liquid on molds, thus chalk doesn’t persist with the
molds while removing it from the molds. Pour the mixture of POP (plaster of
Paris) and carbonate within the chalk molds .Allow it for 15 to 20 minutes to
solidify. Once the mixture is solid, open the mold and collect the chalk from
the mold, take away additional material from chalk. When removing it from molds
keep it in daylight to dry for one to two days


The are then packed into boxes
consistent with the amount of items. The box could contain 70 to a 100 chalks.
Also, the packaging and other details are mentioned within the box outer layer.

The proper composition of the mixture is
needed whenever for even its making. You can make it in different colors
and pack them in a very single box. You can manufacture a thousand chalk items
at a time in different molds. There’s a 25 minutes break between varied batch
creating for cleanup and filling.

Hire the trained person:

By hiring the proper hands, I mean
obtaining the skilled workers concerned within the day to day production of
your business. Your business will be successful when you will hire the trained
staff who knows how to do his job well.

Profit and cost accounting analysis:

The Profit margins are around 20 to 40 %
relying upon the standard. The load of one chalk is around five
grams. From one metric weight of POP, you can make 250 to 300 hundred chalks.

The making price is Rs 80 per a 1000 chalks
for simple normal chalks. The price is also higher for dustless chalk. You can
earn Rs 15000 to 30000 per month depending on the sales and quality you’re creating.

 Marketing and promotion:

You can begin marketing and promotion
activities on various strategies to reach customers. The selling of chalks is
started with the local market like stationary, colleges, offices, hardware
outlets, and wholesaler’s agents. Also, you can visit near cities, villages, and
towns for increasing the sales of your product. You can hire the person to
manage the order assortment. Proper selling and promotion ought to be done
concerning the new product in cello tape.

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